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M1 Garand Bayonets

There were actually a large number of different bayonets used on the M1 Garand Rifle. Any of these would be correct for a simple M1 collection in our opinion as older rifles were used right up until the Vietnam war. This page will be completed if and when our bayonet collection ever grows.

The following quick M1 Garand Bayonet rundown was provided by: Greg Robinson to whom we am very grateful.

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MODEL 1905. Made by Springfield Armory and Rock Island Arsenal from 1906-1922. 16" blade, originally bright polished finish, then blued, then parkerized. Scabbards were the Model 1905 (all leather) and Model 1910 (canvas and leather)

MODEL 1905 Same as above with 16" blades. Parkerized finish. Not nearly as well made as the arsenal made bayonets. Made by commercial contractors. Made by Utica Cutlery, Oneida Limited, Wilde Drop Forge and Tool, Pal Blade and Tool, American Fork and Hoe, and Union Fork and Hoe. Scabbards same as above plus the M3 fiber scabbard adopted 1941. 1942-1943

MODEL 1905E1 16" blades as noted above and cutdown to 10" blades. Cutdown by same commercial contractors which made the WW2 production M1905. 1943 M3 scabbard cut down to 10" with nomenclature M3A1.

M1 10" Parkerized finish. Made by American Fork and Hoe, Oneida Limited, Union Fork and Hoe, Pal Blade and Tool, Utica Cutlery. 1943-1945. Some production in 1953. M7 scabbard

M5/M5-1/M5A1 6" blade. Made by Aerial Cutlery, J&D Tool, Imperial Cutlery, Milpar Columbus, and Utica Cutlery. Adopted in 1953.

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old Springfield bayo or pic needed
Will add one when we acquire this bayonet.
19XX sixteen inch bayonet originally intended for the Springfield.

Interestingly, when originally constructed, the M1 was designed so that the still-in-issue bayonets from the 1903 Springfield Rifle could also be used.

17 Inch Bayonet on reproduction newspaper of Pearl Harbor Attack
1942 Model 1905 sixteen inch bayonet on reproduction paper of Pearl Harbor Attack.

Early in World War II the military planners still believed that a long bladed bayonet was an important part of the soldiers personal arsenal. As was the case in W.W.I, (which saw widespread trench warfare), it was thought that an extended reach would give soldiers an edge in abilities over the enemy. The early war bayonets were therefore made in the same general pattern as the early Springfield bayonets. Early W.W.II bayonets sported a 16 inch blade and were issued to soldiers with their M1 rifle. The above bayonet is a Model 1905.

cut down bayo or pic needed
Will add one when we acquire this bayonet.
19xx 10 inch bayonet. This is a cut-down version as you can see from the length of the so-called blood groove which goes all the way to the point.

As the war progressed many of the tactics used in W.W.I were found to be invalid and it was determined that a 16 inch blade was no longer the best choice. At this point the 16 inch bayonets, (both the W.W.I variety and the ones that were made early in the war), were cut down to a blade length of 10 inches.

Good knife steel was scarce and so the effort of cutting the old knives down made sense and saved precious weapon steel. Unfortunately it also made the older W.W.I bayonets very rare and the early war 16 inchers quite collectable. You can tell one of these cut-down bayonets by noting that the 'blood groove' runs all the way to the point of the blade.

10 inch manufactured bayonets were used later in the war. You can see a rack of 40 mm Naval shells in the background.

As the war continued on the need for bayonets did not diminish and of course new bayonets were made on the new 10 inch design. This is one of those bayonets.

insert new type attachment bayo here
Will add one when we acquire this bayonet.
19xx bayonet. Note the mechanism for hooking it to the rifle has changed.

After World War II ended another bayonet was developed for the M1 with a somewhat different mode of attachment.

Insert new type attachment & OLD bayo with rifle here
Will add one when we acquire this bayonet.
The two ways of attaching bayonets to an M1.

Click here for some more M1 Garand Bayonet Pictures.

This page was last updated on: March 14, 2002


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OHIO 43452
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